Exploring Antarctica, South America, and the Galapagos Islands offers a rich diversity of experiences, each unique to its location and natural environment. Here are some activities you might consider in each of these remarkable destinations.

Each of these destinations offers a distinct set of attractions and activities, making them memorable parts of any travel itinerary. Whether you are observing the stark beauty of Antarctica, exploring the rich cultural and natural diversity of South America, or getting up close with wildlife in the Galapagos, there’s an abundance of adventures awaiting.

Antarctica

Whales, Penguins, Sea Lions

  • Iceberg and Glacier Cruises – Take a zodiac cruise around the ice formations, where you’ll see stunning glaciers and enormous icebergs.

  • Wildlife Viewing – Observe a variety of polar wildlife, including penguins, seals, and whales.

  • Kayaking and Paddleboarding – For the more adventurous, paddling amongst the icebergs provides a unique perspective of Antarctica’s icy landscape.

  • Camping – Some expeditions offer the chance to camp on the ice, allowing you to experience the Antarctic environment up close and personal.

  • Visit Research Stations – Tours sometimes include visits to active research stations to learn about scientific work being conducted on the continent.

  • Photography – With its surreal landscapes and abundant wildlife, Antarctica is a photographer’s paradise.

Argentina and Chile (Patagonia)

Whales, Penguins, Andean Puma, Armadillo,Exotic Birds

  • Trekking – Explore famous routes like the W Trek in Torres del Paine or hike near Mount Fitz Roy.
  • Glacier Tours – Visit Perito Moreno Glacier where you can witness massive chunks of ice calving into the lake below.

  • Perito Moreno Glacier: Tour this massive glacier in Patagonia, accessible from the town of El Calafate.

  • Whale Watching in Puerto Madryn: Visit between June and December to see Southern Right Whales.

  • Torres del Paine National Park: Iconic for its rugged mountain peaks and bright blue icebergs, perfect for hiking and camping.

  • Pucón: Engage in adventure sports like kayaking, hiking, and skiing near the Villarrica Volcano.

Brazil

Dolphins, Jaguar, Exotic Birds, Exotic Frogs

  • Amazon Rainforest Expeditions – Take boat trips, jungle treks, and spot exotic wildlife.
  • Beach Time – Relax on the renowned beaches of Rio de Janeiro like Copacabana or explore the northeastern beaches like Porto de Galinhas.

  • Iguaçu Falls: Explore the surrounding national park for wildlife and lush scenery.

  • Pantanal Wetlands: Go on safaris to spot jaguars, capybaras, and hundreds of bird species.

  • Chapada Diamantina National Park: Hike through breathtaking landscapes of valleys, waterfalls, and caves.

  • Iguaçu Falls: Marvel at one of the world’s largest and most impressive waterfalls.

ecuador

Pink River Dolphins, Tapir, Armadillo, Wild vicuña

  • Colonial Quito and Cuenca – Explore the rich history and beautiful architecture of these UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

  • The Amazon Basin: Canoe down Amazon tributaries and fish for piranhas.

  • Cotopaxi National Park: Enjoy stunning views and possibly spot wild horses and llamas.

  • Baños: Adventure sports capital with options for biking, rafting, and zip-lining.

  • The Avenue of the Volcanoes: Opportunities for hiking, horseback riding, and visiting remote Andean villages.

  • Mindo: Take part in adventure sports like zip-lining through the forest canopy.

Galapagos Islands

Giant sea turtles, Blue-footed boobies, Marine Iguana

  • Snorkeling and Diving – Experience some of the best snorkeling and diving in the world, with incredible encounters with marine life like sea lions, turtles, and countless tropical fish.

  • Island Hopping – Tour various islands, each with unique landscapes and ecosystems.

  • Wildlife Tours – See giant tortoises, marine iguanas, and the famous Darwin’s finches. The Galapagos is unparalleled for close wildlife encounters.

  • Kayaking – Paddle along the coastlines, often accompanied by playful sea lions.

  • Hiking – Walk on volcanic islands, and see dramatic landscapes and vistas.

  • Bird Watching – With its unique location and isolated environment, the Galapagos is a birdwatcher’s paradise.

peru

Jaguar, Alpacas and Llamas, Giant River Otter, Pink River Dolphin, Exotic Birds

  • Machu Picchu and Inca Trail – Hike the historic trail or take a train to the ancient Inca city.

  • Lake Titicaca – Visit the floating islands and experience the local indigenous cultures.

  • The Amazon Rainforest: Take guided jungle walks, canoe trips, and visit wildlife sanctuaries.

  • Paracas National Reserve: Explore this coastal desert reserve to see a variety of marine life and bird species, including flamingos.

  • Paracas National Reserve: Take a boat tour to the Ballestas Islands, often called the “Poor Man’s Galapagos,” to view sea lions, penguins, and pelicans.

  • Arequipa and the Colca Canyon: Visit the Colca Canyon, one of the world’s deepest canyons, and spot Andean condors soaring overhead.